Create your own conference schedule! Click here for full instructions

Abstract Detail


Oh, Sang-Hun [1], Youm, Jung-Won [1], Kim, Yong-In [2], Kim, Young-Dong [3].

Phylogeny and Evolution of Endemic Species on Ulleungdo Island, Korea: The Case of Fagus multinervis (Fagaceae).

The genus Fagus (beech, Fagaceae) consists of about 10 species discontinuously distributed in East Asia, eastern North America, and Europe. Fagus multinervis occurs only on Ulleungdo Island, Korea, and is an important component of the island̢۪s plant community. The species was described primarily based on one of its stem characteristics: it branches at the base, producing several primary trunks. In part because no extant Fagus species are found in mainland Korea, and because the closest populations of Fagus are found in Japan, F. multinervis has been considered to be derived from the Japanese species, F. japonica. However, a recent study synonymized F. multinervis under F. engleriana and proposed that the beech population of Ulleungdo Island was derived instead from China via long-distance dispersal. Fagus multinveris is morphologically very similar to F. engleriana, but it can be distinguished by having rhombic lenticels that are vertically elongated. We determined the nucleotide sequences of the trnK-matK, trnL-trnF, trnH-psbA, and atpB-rbcL regions of plastid DNA and the second intron of the nuclear LEAFY gene from accessions of eight species, including eight F. multinervis individuals, in order to clarify the phylogenetic placement of this insular species. Phylogenetic analyses show that F. multinervis is monophyletic, and that it is closely related to F. engleriana and F. japonica. However, a sister relationship of F. multinervis with either of those species is not resolved. Therefore, our molecular data support the distinctness of F. multinervis as an endemic on Ulleungdo Island. Furthermore, incongruence between plastid and nuclear data suggests that F. multinervis may have originated via hybridization.

Log in to add this item to your schedule

1 - Daejeon University, Biology, 7417 Basic Science Building, 62 Daehak-ro, Daejeon, Daejeon, 34520, South Korea
2 - Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Technology, 125 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, Daejeon, 34141, South Korea
3 - Hallym University, Life Sciences, Chuncheon, Gangwon-do, 24252, South Korea

Ulleung Island
Plastid DNA
long-distance dispersal

Presentation Type: Oral Paper
Session: 30, Biogeography I
Location: 203/Savannah International Trade and Convention Center
Date: Tuesday, August 2nd, 2016
Time: 4:00 PM
Number: 30010
Abstract ID:269
Candidate for Awards:None

Copyright © 2000-2016, Botanical Society of America. All rights reserved