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Abstract Detail


Moein, Fatemeh [1], Jamzad, Ziba [2], Rahiminejad, Mohammad Reza [3], Mavrodiev, Evgeny [4], Gitzendanner, Matthew [4], Soltis, Douglas [5], Soltis, Pamela  S. [6].

Phylogenetic relationship of Salvia (Lamiaceae), with special focus on Iranian taxa.

Salvia L. is the largest genus in Lamiaceae (Mentheae-Salviinae) with approximately 1000 species that are mostly found in five major centers of diversity: Central and South America (500 spp.), Western Asia (200 spp.), Eastern Asia (100 spp.), Africa (60 spp.) and Europe (36 spp.). Salvia is characterized by a unique staminal structure of two theca separated by an elongated connective, which is attributed to a special pollination system named the lever mechanism. This character evolved in parallel between Old World and New World Salvia species. According to previous phylogenetic studies of tribe Mentheae based on nuclear and chloroplast DNA regions, Salvia is not monophyletic. Salvia species were found nested within five related genera in this tribe, and three major clades were proposed for the genus. Compared to New and Old World Salvia, taxa from Southwest Asia have not been well sampled in previous phylogenetic studies. Iran contains 62 species of Salvia, of which 19 are endemic, and the area is considered a center of diversity for the genus in Southwest Asia. Two nuclear regions, ITS/5.8S and ETS, and the plastid locus ycf1 were amplified and sequenced from 58 species of Salvia from Iran. Maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood analyses were performed by including all sequences from other Salvia spp. and related genera available in NCBI to infer phylogenetic relationships of Salvia in a global context. Additional studies on biogeography provide a global scope of evolutionary history of this genus.

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1 - University of Isfahan, University of Florida, Biology, Isfahan,Gainesville, Iran, USA
2 - Research institute of Forest and Rangelands, Biology, Tehran, Iran
3 - University of Isfahan, Biology, Isfahan, Iran
4 - University Of Florida, Florida Museum Of Natural History, PO BOX 117800, GAINSVILLE, FL, 32611-7800, USA
5 - University of Florida, Dept. of Biology, 1659 Museum Road, Gainesville, Florida, 32611, United States
6 - University Of Florida, Florida Museum Of Natural History, PO BOX 117800, Gainesville, FL, 32611-7800, USA, 352/273-1964


Presentation Type: Poster
Session: P, Systematics Section/ASPT Posters
Location: Exhibit Hall/Savannah International Trade and Convention Center
Date: Monday, August 1st, 2016
Time: 5:30 PM This poster will be presented at 5:30 pm. The Poster Session runs from 5:30 pm to 7:00 pm. Posters with odd poster numbers are presented at 5:30 pm, and posters with even poster numbers are presented at 6:15 pm.
Number: PSY045
Abstract ID:498
Candidate for Awards:None

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