Create your own conference schedule! Click here for full instructions

Abstract Detail

Evolutionary Developmental Biology (Evo-Devo)

Berger, Brent [1], Thompson, Veronica [1], Lim, Aedric [1], Ricigliano, Vincent [2], Howarth, Dianella [3].

Elaboration of bilateral symmetry across Knautia macedonica capitula related to changes in ventral petal expression of CYCLOIDEA-like genes.

Shifts in floral form across angiosperms, particularly from radially symmetrical to bilaterally symmetrical flowers, are often associated with shifts in speciation rates and changes in pollination syndrome. Growing evidence across both rosids and asterids indicates that CYCLOIDEA (CYC)-like transcription factors from the TCP gene-family play a role in establishing the dorsoventral pattern of flower symmetry, which affects the development of both the corolla and androecium. Previous studies of CYC-like genes, especially of the CYC2 clade, indicate that these genes are dorsally restricted in bilaterally symmetrical flowers. Also, gene duplication of CYC-like genes often correlates with shifts in floral form in both individual flowers and head-like inflorescences (capitula). Here, we compared the expression patterns of six CYC-like genes from dorsal, lateral, and ventral petals of internal and external florets across capitula of Knautia macedonica (Dipsacaceae). We demonstrate that multiple copies of CYC-like genes are differentially expressed among petal types and between internal and external florets. Across paralogs, there was a general trend toward a reduction in dorsal expression and an increase in ventral expression in internal florets compared to external florets. However, it was in the ventral petals where a statistically significant increase in expression correlates with a less zygomorphic flower. We also show for the first time lateral specific expression of a CYC-like gene. Additionally, dorsoventral asymmetric expression of a CYC3 paralog indicates that this understudied gene clade is likely also involved in floral symmetry. These data indicate that the elaboration of bilateral symmetry may be regulated by the dorsoventral gradient of expression, with statistically significant changes in ventral expression correlating with changes in dorsoventral morphological specialization.

Log in to add this item to your schedule

1 - St. John's University, Biological Sciences, 8000 Utopia Parkway, Queens, NY, 11439, USA
2 - USDA-ARS, 2000 E Allen Rd, Tucson, AZ, 85719, USA
3 - St. John's University, Department Of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, St. Albert Hall Rm 257, 8000 Utopia Pkwy, Jamiaca, NY, 11439, USA

floral symmetry

Presentation Type: Oral Paper
Session: 2, Evolution and Development
Location: 200/Savannah International Trade and Convention Center
Date: Monday, August 1st, 2016
Time: 9:00 AM
Number: 2005
Abstract ID:648
Candidate for Awards:None

Copyright © 2000-2016, Botanical Society of America. All rights reserved